1.What is a Depository?
A Depository (NSDL & CDSL) is an organization like a Central Bank where the securities of a shareholder are held in the electronic form at the request of the shareholder through the medium of a Depository Participant.
2. Who is a Depository Participant?
Depository Participant (DP) is described as an agent of the depository. They are the intermediaries between the depository and the investors. They hold securities of investors and intimate them the status of their holding from time to time.
3.What is Dematerialization?
Dematerialization is a process by which physical certificates of an investor are converted into electronic form and credited to the account which he/she opens with a Depository Participant (DP). An investor will have to first open an account with a Depository Participant and then request for the dematerialization of his share certificates through the Depository Participant so that the dematerialized holdings can be credited into that account. This is very similar to opening a Bank Account.
4.Is it mandatory to hold shares in dematerialized form?
As Government plans to make it mandatory to get all the shares in Demat form and in the first phase every unlisted entity is required to digitalize shares within next 3 to 6 months time frame.
For doing the above, we as RTA offer our services for Demat connectivity with the depository’s viz. NSDL/CDSL to get the shares of the companies dematerialized.
5.How does the Depository System operate?
The Depository System functions very much like the banking system. Depository holds securities in accounts for its clients and transfers securities between accounts. The transfer of funds or securities happens without the actual handling of securities. Depositories are accountable for the safe keeping of securities.
6.What are the benefits of having a Demat account?
• The depository system reduces risks involved in holding physical certificated, e.g., loss, theft, mutilation, forgery, etc.
• It ensures transfer settlements and reduces delay in registration of shares.
• It ensures faster communication to investors.
• It helps avoid bad delivery problem due to signature differences, etc.
• It ensures faster payment on sale of shares.
• No stamp duty is paid on transfer of shares.
• It provides more acceptability and liquidity of securities.
• Facility to pledge and hypothecate your securities available.
7.How do you de-mat your shares?
In order to de-mat your shares/certificates, you have to fill in a Dematerialisation Request Form in triplicate along with the relevant details and submit the same to your DP along with the certificates to be dematerialised. The combination of names in the shares must be same as that in the account.
8.What should an investor do to open a de-mat account?
The process of opening a de-mat account is similar to opening a bank account.
a. Investor has to first choose a DP based on his convenience and the DP’s charges.
b. Besides submitting an application in the prescribed form, the intending de-mat account holders, including joint holders, if any, should personally visit and submit the following to the DP, • A photocopy of the PAN card along with the original for verification by the DP. • Address proof such as passport, Voter ID Card, ration card, driving license, bank passbook. Verified copies of Telephone bills (not more than two months old), Electricity bills (not more than two months old) etc.
c. Before opening the de-mat account, the investor will have to execute an agreement on a stamp paper to be provided by the DP, which defines the rights and obligations of both, the investor and the DP.
d. On opening a de-mat account, a unique BO ID (Beneficial Owner Identification) Number is allotted, which should be quoted in all future transactions.
9.How long would it take my account to be credited when I submit my shares for dematerialisation?
Your account will be credited typically in 15-21 days.
10.Do you have to keep any minimum balance of securities in your account?
A de-mat account can be opened and maintained even with Nil balance.
11.Who can I approach for further information or clarifications in the matter?
Your share broker can be of assistance to you. The Registrars and Transfer Agents (for SFS, it is Link Intime, Delhi) will also be happy to provide any clarifications. Their contact details are given below;
M/s. Skyline Financial Services Private Limited
Regd. & Corp. Office Address:
D-153A, 1st Floor, Okhla Industrial Area,Phase-I, New Delhi-110020.
Contact person:Virender Rana, E-mail Id: email@example.com
Ph. No: 011-40450193-97 & 011-26812682-83,